Syria’s current conflict, beginning in 2011, was the culmination of
decades of effort by the United States to subvert and overthrow the
government in Damascus. From training leaders of opposition fronts years
before “spontaneous” protests erupted across Syria, to covertly
building a multinational mercenary force to both trigger and leverage
violence thereafter, the United States engineered, executed, and
perpetuated virtually every aspect of Syria’s destructive conflict.
Enlisting or coercing aid from regional allies, including Saudi Arabia,
Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Jordan, and Israel, Syria found
itself surrounded at its borders and buried within them by chaos.