The German occupation forces were those who have been the first to
create and recognise a short-lived state’s independence of Ukraine in
January 1918 during the time of their-own inspired and supported
anti-Russian Bolshevik Revolution of 1917−1921. As reoccupied by the
Bolshevik Red Army, the eastern and southern parts of the present-day
territory of (a Greater) Ukraine joined in 1922 the USSR as a separate
Soviet Socialist Republic (without Crimea).